Your dog's unique nutritional requirements will depend on its size, its breed, and its stage in life, among other factors.
A better understanding of how dogs use the various nutrients in food and dog nutritional supplements and how much of them they need can help you choose a healthier diet for your pet.
PROTEINS AND AMINO ACIDS Dogs cannot survive without protein in their diets.
Dietary protein contains 10 specific amino acids that dogs cannot make on their own.
Known as essential amino acids, they provide the building blocks for many important biologically active compounds and proteins.
In addition, they donate the carbon chains needed to make glucose for energy.
High-quality proteins have a good balance of all of the essential amino acids.
Studies show that dogs can tell when their food lacks a single amino acid and will avoid such a meal.
Dogs are known to selectively choose foods that are high in protein.
Whether this is simply a matter of taste or a complex response to their biological needs for all 10 essential amino acids is not known.
However, dogs can survive on a vegetarian diet as long as it contains sufficient protein and is supplemented with vitamin D in dog nutritional supplements.
FATS AND FATTY ACIDS Dietary fats, mainly derived from animal fats and the seed oils of various plants, provide the most concentrated source of energy in the diet.
They supply essential fatty acids that cannot be synthesized in the body and serve as carriers for important fat-soluble vitamins.
Fatty acids play a role in cell structure and function.
Food fats tend to enhance the taste and texture of the dog's food as well.
Essential fatty acids are necessary to keep your dog's skin and coat healthy.
Puppies fed ultra-low-fat diets develop dry, coarse hair and skin lesions that become increasingly vulnerable to infections.
Deficiencies in the so-called "omega-3" family of essential fatty acids may be associated with vision problems and impaired learning ability.
Another family of essential fatty acids called "omega-6" has been shown to have important physiologic effects in the body.
Providing important nutrients through a healthy diet and dog nutritional supplements will go a long way to ensure a long and health life for your family dog.